Meningitis is a medical emergency. It can develop quickly, over a matter of hours.
Diagnosis and treatment of meningitis varies from country to country, depending on access to medial care, availability of antibiotics and local antibiotic resistance patterns.
Wherever you are, it’s important to know the signs and symptoms and to get medical treatment fast.
In order to diagnose meningitis, doctors may do a blood test and take a sample of(CSF), the watery fluid that flows in and around the brain and spinal cord.
CSF is collected through aand examined for the presence of white blood cells and bacteria. Blood and CSF samples will be cultured for the presence of bacteria.
Treatment should not be delayed for more than 1-2 hours while diagnostic tests are taking place.
requires injectable antibiotics and fluid replacement. Transfer to a hospital with an intensive care department may be necessary.
If signs ofare present, treatment should be started as soon as possible. Diagnostic tests should be deferred until antibiotics have been given.
The choice of antibiotic will be based on the susceptibilities of the meningitis bacteria in each patient’s area. Because of the worldwide prevalence of penicillin-resistant pneumococci,-resistant and -resistant meningococci, treatment with a third generation (such as cefotaxime or ceftriaxone) is the current standard of care.
In areas with high-level penicillin-resistant pneumococci, vancomycin is usually added until the susceptibility of the infecting bacteria is known. If patients are allergic to these antibiotics,may be used as an alternative.
Antibiotics do not kill viruses. Althoughis more common than , treatment with injectable antibiotics should be started until a bacterial cause can be excluded. Treatment for is generally rest and pain relievers.
Survivors ofmay require ongoing treatment or therapy after their recovery.Almost all patients with recover without any permanent damage, although full recovery may take weeks to months.